近日,国家食药监总局发布《2016年食品药品监管总局重点抽检食品生产企业名单的通告》(以下简称《通告》),其中涉及保健食品生产企业40家。对此,保健食品行业产生强烈反响,纷纷表示这是史无前例的高强度筹建,预示着对于保健食品的监管将进一步加强。

 

抽检:国家食药监总局依法屡职

 

记者从国家食药监总局官方网站看到,《通告》是一份涉及保健食品、特殊膳食食品等在内的28大类共1452个食品生产企业的大名单。名单涵盖中粮、双汇、蒙牛等多个品类的知名品牌,其中,40家保健食品生产企业位列最后一类,包括同仁堂、哈药集团、昂立、海王等。

记者了解到,这是自国家食药监总局成立以来首次发布的抽检名单,但是这样的抽检一直是食药监部门的日常工作。食品安全法第五条规定:国务院食品药品监督管理部门依照本法和国务院规定的职责,对食品生产经营活动实施监督管理;第八十七条规定:县级以上人民政府食品药品监督管理部门应当对食品进行定期或者不定期的抽样检验,并依据有关规定公布检验结果,不得免检;第一百一十二条规定:县级以上人民政府食品药品监督管理部门在食品安全监督管理工作中可以采用国家规定的快速检测方法对食品进行抽查检测。对抽查检测结果表明可能不符合食品安全标准的食品,应当依照本法第八十七条的规定进行检验。抽查检测结果确定有关食品不符合食品安全标准的,可以作为行政处罚的依据。

业内人士指出,今年2月3日,国家食药监总局网站上发布了《2016年食品安全抽检工作计划》。其中,第五项抽检工作分工提到,“总局主要对规模以上占市场份额较大的食品企业进行抽检,每季度抽取总局公布的重点抽检企业名单”,该名单的发布意义就在于名单内企业产品的市场抽检,主要由国家食药监总局统一安排部署。

国家食药监总局新闻发言人颜江瑛指出,国家食药监总局每年都会以保健食品的检验、公众消费的反馈等为依据,将全年的抽检计划安排好。颜江瑛表示,国内保健食品企业众多,一次检查不可能覆盖上万家企业,因此会以分批的方式来覆盖不同的企业,“对公众影响比较大的保健食品企业,首先是要考虑的,然后列出计划进行抽检。”

 

名单:涵盖众多业内品牌

 

在保健食品的40家企业名单中,汤臣倍健、北京同仁堂、北京澳特舒尔等企业的名字都在其中。据业内人士介绍,名单公布的40家保健食品企业都是规模企业,全部持有国家颁发的GMP认证。

记者发现,此次即将接受检查的40家保健品企业中,有山东圣海保健品有限公司、广东长兴生物科技股份有限公司、广东康富来药业有限公司、南昌市草珊瑚生物技术有限公司、威海百合生物技术股份有限公司、南京中科药业有限公司和威海紫光生物科技开发有限公司共7家企业,曾被食药监部门检查出违规宣传或产品不合格等问题,并被曝光或处罚。

已公布的40家抽查的保健食品企业名单中,共计有10家企业系上市公司或上市公司关联公司,分别为汤臣倍健、交大昂立、人民同泰和江中药业以及石药集团子公司石药集团中诺药业(石家庄)有限公司、碧生源子公司北京澳特舒尔保健品开发有限公司、瑞年国际子公司无锡瑞年实业有限公司、海王生物子公司杭州海王生物工程有限公司、汤臣倍健子公司广州市佰健生物工程有限公司和同仁堂的兄弟公司北京同仁堂健康药业股份有限公司。

记者了解到,目前我国保健食品生产行业的批号持有企业有2500多家,产品批文1.5万多个,市场上的保健产品5000多个。在这么多的生产企业中,重点抽检这40家企业,之前还没有过先例。

 

内容:指向行业不良行为

 

国家食药监总局日前公布《食品生产经营日常监督检查管理办法》,从中可以基本了解此次年度抽检的内容:对食品生产者主要检查生产环境条件、进货查验结果、生产过程控制、产品检验结果、贮存及交付控制、不合格品管理和食品召回、从业人员管理、食品安全事故处置等情况;对保健食品生产者还应检查生产者资质、产品标签及说明书、委托加工、生产管理体系等。国家食药监总局相关人士表示,此次将对企业进行多项检查,包含非法添加、是否符合标准、广告虚假宣传等。

业内人士指出,国家对保健食品行业的监管主要针对两方面,一是非法添加,二是虚假宣传。

 

企业:遵纪守法正常受检

 

汤臣倍健在市场上拥有67个保健食品主产品。据汤臣倍健股份有限公司公共事务中心对外事务经理吴瑕证实,“这份名单是首次发布,发布当天企业才收到,这次国家食药监总局没有给企业提前通知。名单中除了位列第一的汤臣倍健,还有与其公司有关的子公司广州市佰健生物工程有限公司。”吴瑕表示,结合此次发布的重点抽检企业名单来看,名单企业应该是指规模以上、占市场份额较大的食品企业。

对于此次抽检,众多名单中的企业持接受态度。业内人士指出,名单中的企业都是业内知名企业,在品牌的支持下,这些企业运行规范,管理健全,此次抽查均是抽检我国保健食品行业具有一定规模的生产企业,有利于形成示范带头作用,扩大整顿效应。

对于此次抽检,众多企业和专家认为,第一,不必恐慌。第二,应当加强自律。国家食药监总局高调公布针对名企的抽检名单,实际上也是释放了监管升级的信号。在食品行业调整转型的大背景下,强有力的监管将会加速保健食品优胜劣汰的进程,促进行业健康发展。

 

文章来源:中国食品报

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