出境旅行成为越来越多内地居民度假的首选,境外购物也成为了大部分游客旅行中的压轴戏。可是,盲目的“买买买”却容易在返程入境时遇到难题。

6月14日,杭州海关隶属温州海关在一名香港飞抵温州旅客的行李中查获一批新鲜人参,共计24盒3.3公斤。

下面由小编给大家解答几个相关问题。

Q1:
新鲜人参为什么不能携带入境?

答:
按照《中华人民共和国禁止携带、邮寄的动植物及其产品名录》规定,具有繁殖能力的植物材料和土壤未经国家有关行政主管部门审批许可,且没有输出国家或地区官方机构出具的检疫证书的,均属于禁止进境物。新鲜人参具有繁殖能力,且口岸查获的大部分人参表面带有泥土,这些土壤可能携带有线虫和其他病原物。各地海关部门已多次从入境人参中截获根结线虫、霉菌、粉螨等有害生物。

Q2:
所有的人参都不允许携带入境么?

答:
根据《濒危动植物种国际贸易公约》(英文简称CITES)规定,西洋参属于濒危物种,严禁携带入境,就算是快递寄回也属违法。干制人参仅俄罗斯联邦种被列入《濒危动植物种国际贸易公约》附录名单内,其它种群都未被列入附录。而人参加工后成品如粉末、片剂、提取物、滋补品、茶饮、糕点等或衍生物是可以携带入境的。不明白的小伙伴还可以看下图。

Q3:
那小妹我就不买人参了,带燕窝可以吗?

答:
燕窝(罐头装除外)因生物安全风险,被《中华人民共和国禁止携带、邮寄的动植物及其产品名录》明确禁止携带、邮寄进境。2018年6月12日,温州海关关员在入境旅客行李中截获满满一整箱燕窝,共计8盒,毛重量1.82kg。因旅客无法提供相关证明材料,温州海关依法予以截留并退运。

据统计,2018年截至6月12日,温州空港口岸累计截获燕窝22批次,共61盒,总重量18.06kg。

此外,一些旅客外出旅行归来常会携带花胶、虫草、鹿茸、海马干等保健品做伴手礼,却不知这些动植物产品都是禁止携带入境的。

Q4:
还有哪些物品是禁止入境物的呢?

答:
根据《中华人民共和国禁止携带、邮寄的动植物及其产品名录》,以下物品是禁止携带入境的,不了解的快快学起来。
(一)活动物(犬、猫除外),包括所有的哺乳动物、鸟类、鱼类、两栖类、爬行类、昆虫类和其他无脊椎动物,动物遗传物质。
(二)(生或熟)肉类(含脏器类)及其制品;水生动物产品。
(三) 动物源性奶及奶制品,包括生奶、鲜奶、酸奶,动物源性的奶油、黄油、奶酪等奶类产品。
(四)蛋及其制品,包括鲜蛋、皮蛋、咸蛋、蛋液、蛋壳、蛋黄酱等蛋源产品。
(五)燕窝(罐头装燕窝除外)。
(六)油脂类,皮张、毛类,蹄、骨、角类及其制品。
(七)动物源性饲料(含肉粉、骨粉、鱼粉、乳清粉、血粉等单一饲料)、动物源性中药材、动物源性肥料。
(八)新鲜水果、蔬菜。
(九)烟叶(不含烟丝)。
(十)种子(苗)、苗木及其他具有繁殖能力的植物材料。
(十一)有机栽培介质。
(十二)菌种、毒种等动植物病原体,害虫及其他有害生物,细胞、器官组织、血液及其制品等生物材料。
(十三)动物尸体、动物标本、动物源性废弃物。
(十四)土壤
(十五)转基因生物材料。
(十六)国家禁止进境的其他动植物、动植物产品和其他检疫物。

是不是看着很繁琐?
不用担心记不住,此处小口诀奉上:


出入旅客要牢记,物品不可乱携带
水果蔬菜不起眼,皆可传播病虫害
海产燕窝很贵重,截获销毁多心塞
检测报告配猫犬,龟蛇鱼鸟拒门外
血清蛋白触法律,移交警方也无奈
查验工作不容易,理解配合通关快

Q5:
被海关截获的保健品会如何处理?

答:
海关关员依法对截获的动植物产品作退运或销毁处理。

文章摘自“海关发布”
供稿:杭州海关
审核:海关总署动植物检疫监管司

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